Nathaniel Adderley (November 25, 1931 in Tampa, Florida – January 2, 2000 in Lakeland, Florida)[1] was an American jazz cornet and trumpet player who played in the hard bop and soul jazz genres. He was the brother of saxophonist Julian "Cannonball" Adderley.[1]



Adderley moved to Tallahassee, Florida when both parents were hired to teach at Florida A&M University.[2] He and Cannonball played with Ray Charles in the early 1940s in Tallahassee.[3] In the 1950s he worked with his brother's original group, with Lionel Hampton, and with J. J. Johnson, then in 1959 joined his brother's new quintet and stayed with it until Cannonball's death in 1975. He composed "Work Song," "Jive Samba," and "The Old Country" for this group.[1]

After his brother's death he led his own groups and recorded extensively. During this period he worked with, among others, Ron Carter, Sonny Fortune, Johnny Griffin, Antonio Hart, and Vincent Herring.[1]

He also helped in the founding and development of the annual Child of the Sun Jazz Festival, held annually at Florida Southern College in Lakeland, Florida.

Adderley lived on 112th Street in Harlem in the 1960s and in Teaneck, New Jersey in the 1970s, before moving to Lakeland, Florida.[4] He had also lived near his brother in Corona, Queens.[5]

Upon his death as a result of complications from diabetes in January 2000,[6] Adderley was interred near his brother in the Southside Cemetery in Tallahassee, Florida. His son, Nat Adderley, Jr. a keyboardist, was Luther Vandross' long time musical director.[7]

The pioneer white blues band, the Paul Butterfield Blues Band, covered "Work Song" on their landmark album East-West, with amplified harmonica instead of brass.


As leaderEdit

As sidemanEdit

With Cannonball Adderley

With Charlie Byrd

  • Top Hat (1975)

With Bennie Green and Gene Ammons

With Jimmy Heath

With Philly Joe Jones

With Wynton Kelly

With Sonny Rollins

With Don Wilkerson


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Allmusic Biography
  2. Nat Adderly
  3. Lydon, Michael, Ray Charles: Man and Music, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-97043-1, Routledge Publishing, January 22, 2004
  4. Webb, Steve. "Nat Adderley remembers Dizzy - both musically and socially", The Ledger, January 9, 1993. Accessed September 10, 2009.
  5. Berman, Eleanor. "The jazz of Queens encompasses music royalty", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 1, 2006. Accessed October 1, 2009. "When the trolley tour proceeds, Mr. Knight points out the nearby Dorie Miller Houses, a co-op apartment complex in Corona where Clark Terry and Cannonball and Nat Adderley lived and where saxophonist Jimmy Heath still resides."
  6. "Nat Adderley, Jazz Cornetist, Is Dead at 68". The New York Times. January 4, 2000. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  7. Stewart, Zan. "Born to swing: Nat Adderley Jr. returns to his roots", The Star-Ledger, September 10, 2009. Accessed September 10, 2009.

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